Bible Studies

Ephesians Chapter One

Eph 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:

Paul is not addressing two groups of people here.  It would sound as if he was addressing the “saints” AND the “faithful

Webster’s New World Dictionary defines the word  and’ as “also; in addition to; plus.”  I don’t believe Paul is addressing two groups of believers here, for the dictionary also defines the word ‘and’ as “as a result

These people are saints and so, as a result, they are faithful IN Jesus Christ

Eph 1:2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

Notice; Grace and peace.  Grace must always come first, because without grace there can be no peace.  You will find this in many epistles.

I Cor 1:3; 2 Cor 1:2; Gal 1:3; Php 1:2; Col 1:2 1 Tim 1:2; 2 Tim 1:2; Titus 1:2; Phm 1:3; 1 Pet 1:2; 2 Pet 1:2; 2 John 1:3; Rev 1:4.

Grace and peace comes from God and THROUGH Jesus Christ.  You can’t get it from God unless it comes “through” the Lord Jesus Christ.

Eph 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

How often do you hear, “God bless America?  The Christian has no need to ask for spiritual blessings.  He already has ALL of them.  The Christian is to bless God.  How is he to do that?  God is blessed when we fulfill His will on this earth.  So how it that? 

When we praise Him and bring glory to His Name.

Isa 43:7 Even every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

Ps 79:9 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.

Eph 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

GOOD WORKS brings glory to His Name.  Saints were created/recreated, born again, IN  Jesus Christ to do good works and bring glory to the Name of God.

I guess you have seen the Wal-Mart add about “GOOD works”.  GOOD does work if you are “in Jesus Christ”, but if you are still “in your sins” what good are good works?

Isa 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Filthy:  Strong’s Greek/Hebrew Dictionary #5708  `ed (ayd); from an unused root meaning to set a period [compare 5710, 5749]; the menstrual flux (as periodical); by implication (in plural) soiling:

See, NO ONE is good but God, (Matt 19:17) and Jesus Christ is God, and believers are a member of the BODY of Christ; so who will be in heaven with God?  The One Who is already there. (Heb 10:12) Jesus Christ in BODILY FORM is in heaven, and so the “many members” (1 Cor 12:12-27) of His Body will be there too.

Eph 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

If there be any Calvinists out there, don’t waste your time explaining “your views” of Eph 1:5-6 to me.  I already have GOD’S Word on it.

It is impossible for any man/woman to get to heaven  God knows this, so He put those who believe and trust in the Person and work of Jesus Christ,  IN Him, so we could get there.

Jesus Christ is holy and without blame, and believers, are” in Christ”, so what does that make us?

Eph 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Rom 8:29 For whom he did “foreknow”, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

Foreknow- Strong’s Greek/Hebrew Dictionary  # 4267  proginosko (prog-in-oce'-ko); from 4253 and 1097; to know beforehand, i.e. foresee:

2 Pet 3:17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

ye know these things before- Strong’s Greek/Hebrew Dictionary  # 4267  proginosko (prog-in-oce'-ko); from 4253 and 1097; to know beforehand, i.e. foresee:

It is the good pleasure of God’s will that ALL men be saved, (2 Pet 3:9) and the ones He did foreknow, that is to know beforehand the future of all creatures, He did predestinate/predetermine and settle on who would, and would not, be saved

Eph 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

Paul started out by saying, “blessed be God”, and he has been giving all the reasons Christians should be blessing/praising Him.  He is now speaking of Christ, by which He has adopted believers unto Himself

It is to the praise and glory of the Grace of God that comes to us “through” the Lord Jesus Christ, that we are saved.

Eph 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his (Christ’s) blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his (God’s) grace;

Eph 1:8 Wherein he (God) hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;

Webster’s New World Dictionary defines the word “prudent” as “exercising sound judgment in practical matters”, “caution in conduct; “managing carefully”.

God has given us “excessive”, more than enough wisdom and common sense.  God has given unto us wisdom to know the mystery of His will.  Believers can KNOW the will of God, as stated in the next verse. (Ask for the article, “The Obituary Of Common Sense” and I will send it to you by e-mail )

Eph 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:

I believe the mystery of His will is the “Word of Truth” and “the gospel of our salvation”, as spoken of in verse 13.

According to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in himself. Again we see that God is completely self-determining and self-sufficient.

Eph 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

ALL THINGS.  This would be the whole creation. Peace is made between heaven and earth, and the innumerable company of angels become one with the church through Christ

Eph 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

Again we read of God’s self-determining and self-sufficiency.   God predestinated believers to salvation after the advice and guidance of HIS OWN WILL.

Now, concerning salvation, just what is God’s self-determining will?

2 Pet 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:

1 Tim 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.

The SELF DETERMININED WILL OF GOD is that “not any should perish”. The SELF DETERMININED WILL OF GOD is that “all men be saved”.

Eph 1:12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.

Eph 1:13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

After we have heard the WORD OF TRUTH, which is THE GOSPEL OF OUR SALVATION we TRUSTED IN CHRIST and after we believed on Him (and trusted in Christ, WE WERE SEALED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT OF GOD.

We hear the Gospel of Christ.  We trust in Him of Whom the gospel speaks, and we believe “on” His Name.  We are SAVED.  We BELIEVE and TRUST on the PERSON and WORK of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Eph 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

Earnest- Strong’s Greek/Hebrew Dictionary # 728  arrhabon (ar-hrab-ohn'); of Hebrew origin [6162]; a pledge, i.e. part of the purchase-money or property given in advance as security for the rest:

  This is the pledge which guarantees that all the rest will follow. Until the redemption of the purchased possession. Jesus Christ has purchased us for himself and has given us the Holy Spirit as the pledge that the redemption which has been so wondrously begun will be completed.

Eph 1:15 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,

Eph 1:16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;

Paul continually gives thanks to God and the Lord Jesus Christ for the faith of the believers in Ephesus, and for their love of the brethren.

Eph 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:

Paul also prays that God may bless them with the spirit of wisdom and reveal to them the “hope of his calling” and the “the riches of the glory of his inheritance” and  the exceeding greatness of his power”.

Eph 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,

Eph 1:19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,

Eph 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,

Eph 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

Eph 1:22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Eph 1:23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

To sum it all up, Paul is giving reasons throughout this chapter for the saints to give honor and praise to God and to glorify His Holy Name.  All these things spoken of, God has wrought/accomplished through His son Jesus the Christ.