1 Timothy Chapter One
We begin with a little background on Timothy.
Timothy was a third generation believer
2 Tim 1:5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.
Timothy was also a scribe for the apostle Paul, who did much of the letter writing as Paul dictated.
Philemon 1:1 Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer,
2 Cor 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:
Now Timothy had been a prisoner for Christ and was set free. But at the time this letter was written he was not with Paul to write for him. Paul had to write the letter himself, and he wrote a short letter.
Heb 13:22-23 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words. Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you.
Now for 1 Timothy Chapter 1
1 Tim 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;
Christ Jesus and God are ONE. Paul says he is an apostle because God commanded him to be one. He calls Him God our Savior. He doesn't say God AND Jesus Christ as if speaking of TWO different persons. He says that God is our Savior and Jesus Christ.
1 Tim 1:2 Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Paul was not married and he had no children. Timothy is LIKE a son to him. Timothy is very young, yet he is a preacher and a pastor. AGE and MATURITY have NOTHING to do with God's calling a man into service.
The Bible speaks of another youth that God gave great responsibilities.
Jer 1:5-6 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations. Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, I cannot speak: for I am a child.
Jer 1:10 See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.
Now thats great responsibilities.
1 Tim 1:3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,
Paul tells Timothy that he desires him to stay in Ephesus so that he will declare and command that no other religious doctrine be taught in that city other than the doctrine taught by the apostles and their disciples.
1 Tim 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.
Timothy is told to pay no attention to legends or traditions and tracing one's ancestors, because they give rise to disputes.
1 Tim 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:
The end, or the whole point of the commandment, that is the charge Timothy is to administer, is LOVE. This is the AGAPE love spoken of so often in the scripture. This is the love of God and the brethren that fulfills the law. This love is to come from an uncorrupted heart, a good moral understanding and a genuine faith
You will notice that Paul is not teaching Timothy doctrine. Timothy already knows the sound doctrine of Christ. Paul is sort of teaching Timothy to pastor a church.
1 Tim 1:6 From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling;
The reason Paul tells Timothy to RULE the church in Ephesus is that some have ALREADY turned into vain babbling. This will be mischievous and slanderous gossip. .
1 Tim 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
These "church members" are trying to "fake" gifts of the Spirit.
1 Tim 1:8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
These people want to be teachers of the law, but they do not understand the law as related to New Testament believers. We are not under the law, but the law is good and we try and obey the law OUT OF LOVE, not FOR SALVATION.
1 Tim 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
1 Tim 1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
The MAIN PURPOSE of the law is to point people like those just mentioned, to Christ.
Here Paul goes on to another subject.
Paul is fixing to tell Timothy about the mercy of God according to the gospel that he was entrusted to preach.
1 Tim 1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
1 Tim 1:12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
Paul publicly thanks Christ for putting him to work for Him who was once His enemy
1 Tim 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
1 Tim 1:14 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
Now if the grace of God can save a man like Paul, it is plentiful to save anybody. All the sins mentioned in verses 9 and 10, Paul did not commit, but he committed sins WORST than these. He persecuted the CHURCH. He persecuted CHRIST HIMSELF. Paul was CHIEF SINNER.
1 Tim 1:15 This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
1 Tim 1:16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
God could have destroyed Paul quickly, but He used Paul as an example of His longsuffering for the benefit of other believers who may think that their sins are too grievous to be forgiven.
1 Tim 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Paul expresses his gratitude for such great mercy and longsuffering in the verse above.
1 Tim 1:18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
This mandate, this commission, this order is entrusted to Timothy according to the predictions that were foretold about Timothy early on.
1 Tim 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
Timothy is to hold fast to the faith with a good conscience. That is not allowing the conscience to be defiled by sinful practices.
1 Tim 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
2 Tim 2:17-18 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
2 Tim 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:
These two guys Paul has delivered unto Satan. Now this is similar to that of the adulterous man in 1 Cor who was living with his father's wife.
1 Cor 5:5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
This man was delivered unto Satan to buffet his flesh as Satan did to Job. The man's spirit would be saved.
But these two men have "put away" that is "rejected" the teachings concerning the faith and have caused the faith to suffer, just as the false teachers of today do. Paul does not speak as if these two are saved as he did about the man in 1 Cor.